In this section
A no deal Brexit will have a significant impact on our food, farming, fishing and environment sectors. These are important to the rural economy and also support the sustainability of the Welsh language.
Assess your business on 6 key areas to measure your readiness for Brexit on Business Wales.
Immediately after the referendum vote, we established the Brexit Ministerial Roundtable Group, made up of key stakeholders to work together to achieve the best outcome for Wales.
In February 2018, we published the EU scenarios report developed by the roundtable group. This set out how a number of scenarios, including a no deal Brexit could potentially impact our sectors. Since then, the Welsh Government has taken a number of actions to prepare for all scenarios, including no deal.
- investing in new, state-of-the-art vessels ready for the additional marine enforcement requirements post-Brexit.
- launching a new Business Wales portal to assess your business’ readiness for Brexit.
- working to develop our food and drink industry post-Brexit, including a new Food and Drink Action Plan.
- consulting on Brexit and our Land, which sets out our proposals for support to farmers post-Brexit.
- a number of EU Transition Fund projects, including training more vets to undertake the extra paperwork that may be necessary and a benchmarking project for our red meat industry.
Even in the event of a no deal scenario, some things will not change.
The Welsh Government remains committed to implementing our policies and legislation to protect our marine environment and improve air quality. We have worked to transfer EU legislation that will work for Wales from day one. We are continuing to work with stakeholders to ensure we achieve the best outcome for Wales.
The information below sets out the regulatory processes that will change in the event of a no deal Brexit. The Welsh Government has worked closely with Defra to ensure the information contained in its technical notices is relevant to Wales. If there is a transition period, then things will not change in the short term.
Alongside these regulatory issues, there will be business decisions about matters such as sourcing ingredients; additional costs associated with tariffs; customs requirements and supply issues that you will need to make. There may also be delays to travel routes that affect your businesses. More support and advice is available from the Business Wales website and the Farming Connect website.
Information and tools about Brexit are also available on the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board website.
Geographical Vulnerabilities Project
Presentation and maps on agricultural land use modelling after Brexit. Also updated analysis for fisheries sector.
Employing EU seasonal workers after the UK leaves the EU on GOV.UK
Farming Connect: Is your business prepared for Brexit?
An update on existing trade agreements if the UK leaves the EU without a deal on GOV.UK
The farming sector and preparing for EU exit on GOV.UK
Hatching eggs and chicks marketing standards when the UK leaves the EU on GOV.UK
It’s important that everyone takes care of their personal wellbeing. There are 3 main charities working together under the umbrella name Farming Help that can help:
The Farming Help helpline can be accessed on 03000 111999 and is available between 9am and 11pm every day of the year. More information can be found at www.farminghelp.co.uk
Farm Community Network is a voluntary organisation and charity that supports farmers and families within the farming community. More information can be found at www.fcn.org.uk or to talk to someone phone 03000 111999.
Royal Agricultural Benevolent Institution is a welfare charity which helps farming people in financial difficulty and operates throughout England and Wales. More information can be found at www.rabi.org.uk or by emailing email@example.com or contacting the freephone helpline on 0808 2819490.
The Addington Fund is a charity who’s main area of work is to provide homes for farming families living in England and Wales who have to leave the industry, through no fault of their own, and by doing so will lose their home. More information can be found at www.addingtonfund.org.uk or by contacting the helpline on 01926 620135.
The DPJ Foundation aims to support people in rural communities with poor mental health, especially men in the agricultural sector. The foundation can offer counselling to farmers at their homes, via the internet or telephone.
More information can be found at www.thedpjfoundation.com or the foundation can be contacted on their Call line 0800 587 4262 or on their text line 07860 048799.
The Samaritans can be contacted 24-hours a day for free on 116 123.
Trade in animals and animal products
All current regulations relating to animal health and welfare will remain the same, this includes all legislation covering animal health and welfare in farming, slaughterhouses and the transport of live animals.
We will continue to focus on our TB eradication programme and remain prepared for any potential animal disease outbreak. There will be no additional checks and requirements on imported animals and animals products but there will be changes if you export live animals or products of animal origin, including:
- additional export health certification from suitably-qualified vets
- changing rules around the movement of horses
- requirements for labelling
- changes in the route to market. Animal and product exports will also have to enter the EU through certain designated Border Inspection Points (BIPs).
Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) information
The VMD's communications on EU Exit, including guidance on how you can prepare.
VMD EU Exit Information Hub on GOV.UK.
Preparing for changes at the border if there's no Brexit deal on GOV.UK
Exporting animals, animal products, fish and fishery products to the EU after EU Exit on GOV.UK
Apply for an Export Health Certificate on GOV.UK
Moving live animals or animal products as part of EU trade on GOV.UK
Export horses and ponies: special rules on GOV.UK
Check GOV.UK regularly for the latest advice on equine movements in advance of the UK leaving the EU.
Prepare your business for the UK leaving the EU if your business deals in food or animal feed on FOOD.GOV.UK
Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and Rural Development Programme (RDP) 2014-20
All existing schemes under the CAP and RDP will continue to operate as normal. This means the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) for our farmers will stay the same in 2019 and 2020 and all RDP land-based contracts (Glastir and Woodland) will need to be delivered under the existing rules and regulations.
All grant offers under the RDP socio-economic schemes will also continue to operate under existing rules and regulations.
Payment of all claims received after the 31 October will be honoured by the Treasury’s guarantee.
Plant health, seeds and plant propagating material
EU plant variety rights granted up to EU exit, including those held by UK businesses, will continue to be recognised in the remaining 27 EU countries. All regulations regarding pesticides will also remain valid. However, the following will change if there is a no deal Brexit:
- requirements for importing and exporting plants
- arrangements for trading endangered species
- arrangements for genetically-modified organisms
- arrangements for plant variety rights and marketing of seed and propagating material
Plant variety rights and marketing plant reproductive material if the UK leaves the EU without a deal on GOV.UK
Importing and exporting plants and plant products if there's no withdrawal deal on GOV.UK
Brexit is likely to impact your business whether you trade solely in the UK or import/export. We recommend you plan for change. Advice on business preparation for Brexit and a self-assessment tool is available on businesswales.gov.wales.
We strongly advise food and drink businesses to read in detail about the many changes which will occur on the day that we leave the EU. Failure to prepare and make the required changes may put your business at severe risk.
Food and drink businesses can access tailor-made self-assessment and advice. To request a diagnostic by the Cywain project, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
An advisor will then arrange a visit to complete the diagnostic. This will aid your business resilience and ensure that all your business areas are considered before Brexit.
The Welsh Government supports remaining within EU REACH. However, we are working with the UK government to plan a separate UK regime for chemicals regulation if there is a no deal Brexit.
This will inevitably create new burdens for companies trading in the UK and the EU, which will have to comply with 2 regulatory systems. The following areas will change if there is a no deal Brexit:
- classification, labelling, and packaging of chemicals (CLP)
- registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals (REACH)
- export and import of hazardous chemicals
- regulation of biocidal products, mercury, persistent organic pollutants (POPs), pesticides, fertilisers, and ozone-depleting and fluorinated gases
The chemicals sector and preparing for EU Exit on GOV.UK
Latest guidance on CLP, REACH, export and import, biocides, mercury, POPs and pesticides on HSE.gov.uk
How to comply with pesticide regulations after Brexit on GOV.UK
Manufacturing and marketing fertilisers if there’s no Brexit deal on GOV.UK
Using and trading in fluorinated gases and ozone depleting substances if there’s no Brexit deal on GOV.UK
Register for a fluorinated (F gas) account on GOV.UK
The Welsh Government has worked to transfer EU legislation to ensure it works for Wales. Work to improve air quality in Wales will continue as normal, as will the work with Defra and the other devolved administrations to tackle air pollution across the UK after EU exit.
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, the arrangements regarding licencing for shipments of waste will change. Current approvals to ship notified waste between the UK and the EU beyond the 29 March 2019 would be subject to a re-approval process. Defra is currently discussing new arrangements with other Member States in the EU.
Welsh Government is working within its devolved areas of responsibility to ensure existing policy objectives, including delivering on our low-carbon ambitions, are not impeded by exiting the EU. We are working with the UK government to plan for a no-deal Brexit, including on ensuring that the replacement legislation, as well as the approach to future policy-making works for Wales. However, most aspects of energy policy, such as energy pricing & energy security, are the responsibility of the UK government as they are not devolved to Wales.
Energy and Climate after Brexit on GOV.UK
Meeting climate change requirements if there's no Brexit deal on GOV.UK
Generating low-carbon electricity if there's no Brexit deal on GOV.UK
Running an oil or gas business if there's no Brexit deal on GOV.UK
Trading gas with the EU if there's no Brexit deal on GOV.UK
Trading electricity if there's no Brexit deal on GOV.UK
Further information on the Carbon Emissions Tax can be found on GOV.UK:
HMRC Carbon Emissions Tax Policy Paper
HMRC Carbon Emissions Tax Supplementary Document
Following Brexit, the rules about how personal data flows between the EU and the UK will change. Visit the Information Commissioner’s website to find out more about how these changes will affect you or your organisation.