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Well-being of Future Generations Wales

In Wales we are doing things differently.

We have a law in Wales that helps us all work together to improve our environment, our economy, our society and our culture.

For people, for our planet. For now, and for our future.

This is called the Well-being of Future Generations Act.

There are 7 connected well-being goals for Wales. They are:

  • A prosperous Wales
  • A resilient Wales
  • A healthier Wales
  • A more equal Wales
  • A Wales of more cohesive communities
  • A Wales of vibrant culture and thriving Welsh language
  • A globally responsible Wales

National indicators

Under section (10)(1) of the Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act 2015, the Welsh Ministers must (a) publish indicators (“national indicators”) that must be applied for the purpose of measuring progress towards the achievement of the Well-being goals, and (b) lay a copy of the national indicators before the Senedd.

A national indicator must be expressed as a value or characteristic that can be measured quantitatively or qualitatively against a particular outcome. It may be measured over such period as the Welsh Ministers consider appropriate and may be measurable in relation to Wales or any part of it.

Further detail on the requirements can be found in on our Well-being of Future Generations pages.

The 50 national indicators published and laid before Senedd Cymru on 14 December 2021 are to be read with the national indicators technical information document (Well-being of Wales: national indicator technical descriptions and data links) published by the Welsh Government. This contains supplementary technical information on each indicator including where the data will be sourced from; proposed disaggregation by protected characteristic (as set out in the Equality Act 2010) and area, and contextual data which would support analysis of the indicator over time.

Under section 10(8) of the Well-being of Future Generations Act, where the Welsh Ministers revise the national indicators, they must as soon as reasonably practicable (a) publish the indicators as revised and (b) lay a copy of them before the Senedd. The indicators laid on 14 December 2021 replace the set laid on 16 March 2016.

The “national indicators” 

  1. Percentage of live single births with a birth weight of under 2,500g
  2. Healthy life expectancy at birth including the gap between the least and most deprived
  3. Percentage of adults with two or more healthy lifestyle behaviours 
  4. Levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pollution in the air
  5. Percentage of children with two or more healthy lifestyle behaviours
  6. Measurement of development of young children
  7. Average capped 9 points score of pupils, including the gap between those who are eligible and are not eligible for free school meals
  8. Percentage of adults with qualifications at the different levels of the National Qualifications Framework
  9. Gross Value Added (GVA) per hour worked (relative to UK average)
  10. Gross Disposable Household Income per head
  11. Percentage of businesses which are innovation-active
  12. Capacity (in MW) of renewable energy equipment installed
  13. Concentration of carbon and organic matter in soil
  14. The global footprint of Wales
  15. Amount of waste generated that is not recycled, per person
  16. Percentage of people in employment, who are on permanent contracts (or on temporary contracts, and not seeking permanent employment) and who earn at least the real Living Wage
  17. Pay difference for gender, disability and ethnicity
  18. Percentage of people living in households in income poverty relative to the UK median: measured for children, working age and those of pension age
  19. Percentage of people living in households in material deprivation
  20. Proportion of employees whose pay is set by collective bargaining
  21. Percentage of people in employment
  22. Percentage of people in education, employment or training, measured for different age groups
  23. Percentage who feel able to influence decisions affecting their local area
  24. Percentage of people satisfied with their ability to get to/ access the facilities and services they need
  25. Percentage of people feeling safe at home, walking in the local area, and when travelling
  26. Percentage of people satisfied with local area as a place to live
  27. Percentage of people agreeing that they belong to the area; that people from different backgrounds get on well together; and that people treat each other with respect
  28. Percentage of people who volunteer
  29. Mean mental well-being score for people
  30. Percentage of people who are lonely
  31. Percentage of dwellings which are free from hazards
  32. Number of properties (homes and businesses) at medium or high risk of flooding from rivers and the sea
  33. Percentage of dwellings with adequate energy performance
  34. Number of households successfully prevented from becoming homeless per 10,000 households
  35. Percentage of people attending or participating in arts, culture or heritage activities at least three times a year
  36. Percentage of people who speak Welsh daily and can speak more than just a few words of Welsh
  37. Number of people who can speak Welsh
  38. Percentage of people participating in sporting activities three or more times a week
  39. Percentage of museums and archives holding archival/heritage collections meeting UK accreditation standards
  40. Percentage of designated historic environment assets that are in stable or improved conditions
  41. Emissions of greenhouse gases within Wales
  42. Emissions of greenhouse gases attributed to the consumption of global goods and services in Wales
  43. Areas of healthy ecosystems in Wales
  44. Status of biological diversity in Wales
  45. Percentage of surface water bodies, and groundwater bodies, achieving good or high overall status
  46. Active global citizenship in Wales
  47. Percentage of people who have confidence in the justice system
  48. Percentage of journeys by walking, cycling or public transport
  49. Percentage of households spending 30% or more of their income on housing costs
  50. Status of digital inclusion

National milestones

Under section (10)(3) of the Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act 2015, the Welsh Ministers must set milestones in relation to the national indicators which the Welsh Ministers consider would assist in measuring whether progress is being made towards the achievement of the well-being goals.

In setting a milestone, the Welsh Ministers must specify:

  1. the criteria for determining whether the milestone has been achieved (by reference to the value or characteristics by which the indicator is measured), and
  2. the time by which the milestone is to be achieved.

Further detail on the requirements can be found in on our Well-being of Future Generations pages.

The national milestones:

National indicator National milestone
5. Percentage of children with 2 or more healthy lifestyle behaviours To increase the percentage of children with 2 or more healthy behaviours to 94% by 2035 and more than 99% by 2050
8. Percentage of adults with qualifications at the different levels of the National Qualifications Framework 75% of working age adults in Wales will be qualified to level 3 or higher by 2050
The percentage of working age adults with no qualifications will be 5% or below in every local authority in Wales by 2050
14.The global footprint of Wales Wales will use only its fair share of the world’s resources by 2050
17. Pay difference for gender, disability and ethnicity An elimination of the pay gap for gender, disability and ethnicity by 2050
21. Percentage of people in employment Eradicate the gap between the employment rate in Wales and the UK by 2050, with a focus on fair work and raising labour market participation of under-represented groups
22. Percentage of people in education, employment or training, measured for different age groups At least 90% of 16-24 year olds will be in education, employment, or training by 2050
37. Number of people who can speak Welsh A million Welsh speakers by 2050
41. Emissions of greenhouse gases within Wales Wales will achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050
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