For the period up to March 2018, households with an income less than 60% of the UK median, analysed by attributes such as age, economic status and family type.

All figures here relate to relative income poverty in Wales after housing costs such as mortgage interest payments/rent, water rates and structural house insurance were paid.

More summary analysis can be found in our SlideShare presentations under ‘reports’ below.

Headline key findings

  • 24% of all people in Wales were living in relative income poverty between 2015-16 and 2017-18 (i.e. the financial year ending March 2016 and the financial year ending March 2018).

  • This figure has remained relatively stable (between 22 and 24%) for the past 15 time periods. At 24%, the figure is the same as last year’s.

  • Children were the age group most likely to be in relative income poverty between 2015-16 and 2017-18 (at 29%) and this has been true for some time. This is an increase from the 28% reported last year and is only the third time this figure has been below 30% since the period ending 2005-06.

  •   A possible reason for children consistently being the age group most likely to be in relative income poverty is that adults with children are more likely to be out of work or in low paid work due to childcare responsibilities.

  • 23% of working-age adults were in relative income poverty between 2015-16 and 2017-18.

  • This is down from the 24% reported last year. The figure has been around 21 to 23% for most of the time periods since the late 1990s.

  • 19% of pensioners in Wales were living in relative income poverty between 2015-16 and 2017-18.

  • At 19%, the figure represents a drop from the 20% reported last year and it remains below what it was throughout the mid to late 1990s.

Analysis by economic, family, ethnicity and disability characteristics

Key findings

  • People living in social rented housing were more likely to be in relative income poverty when compared with those privately renting or owner occupiers.

  • Living in a workless household increased the chances of being in relative income poverty for working-age adults and children.

  • Children living in lone parent families were more likely to be in relative income poverty than those living in households with a couple.

  • The likelihood of being in relative income poverty was higher for those children who lived in a household with three or more children compared to those who lived in households with less than three children.

  • People who were living in households where the head of the household was from a non-white ethnic group were more likely to be in relative income poverty compared with those where the head of the household was from a white ethnic group.

  • Living in a household where there was someone with a disability increased the likelihood of living in relative income poverty for working-age adults and children but not for pensioners.

More summary analysis by economic, family, ethnicity and disability characteristics can be found in our SlideShare presentations under ‘reports’ below.

Data

Datasets and interactive tools

Relative income poverty by various characteristics over time across the countries of UK and regions of England, April 2017 to March 2018: tables
, file type: ODS, file size: 80 KB

ODS
80 KB
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Contact

Nia Jones

Tel: 0300 025 4088

Media

Tel: 0300 025 8099