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Intensive Action Area

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We are working to eliminate bovine TB from the Intensive Action Area by targeting every possible source of infection.

What is the Intensive Action Area?

In an area of west Wales we have put extra measures in place with the aim of eradicating the disease in the local cattle population. This area is called the Intensive Action Area (IAA).

We established the IAA to tackle all sources of bovine TB infection in domestic and wild animal species. This is a similar approach to that used in New Zealand, where they have successfully eradicated the disease from large areas of the country.

Where is the IAA?

The IAA is primarily located in north Pembrokeshire but includes small parts of Ceredigion and Carmarthenshire. Beef and dairy farming is an important industry in the area.

Bovine TB in the area

The IAA has one of the highest incidence rates of bovine TB in Wales. It is an area which accounts for a significant proportion of the national TB compensation costs.

Cattle farms in the IAA tend to be under movement restrictions for a longer period of time compared to other parts of Wales. The proportion of cattle that react to the TB test is also higher. Our ongoing badger found dead survey has also confirmed the presence of bovine TB in the badgers.

What we are doing

We have introduced a range of measures to reduce the level of infection within all species in the area. These are:

  • stricter cattle controls
  • improved biosecurity measures
  • testing all goats and camelids
  • badger vaccination.

Increased cattle surveillance and controls came into place on 1 May 2010. All cattle owners in the area are also involved in a project to improve biosecurity on their farms to reduce the risk of TB getting into their herds. Over 5,000 doses of badger vaccine have been administered.