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Bluetongue

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Contact information for Animal and Plant Health Agency.
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Bluetongue is an insect-borne viral disease, and all species of ruminants can catch it.

Bluetongue is a disease affecting all ruminant animals including sheep, cattle, deer, goats and camelids (camels, llamas, alpacas, guanaco and vicuna).  It does not affect horses or pigs.  The disease is caused by a virus spread by certain types of biting midges. Bluetongue does not affect humans. There is no risk to human health.

The current risk of incursion of bluetongue into the UK remains at low, and the Welsh Government along with the other Devolved Administrations will continue to implement strong controls on livestock movements and robust disease surveillance procedures.

We continue to monitor the current situation in France; however, we would like to remind all livestock owners that they should source animals responsibly by working with their private veterinarians and livestock dealers to ensure animals are correctly vaccinated and protected prior to travel.

It is important to be vigilant for the clinical signs of the disease, especially in the case of sheep. In cattle, the disease cannot be easily diagnosed on clinical grounds and may require laboratory testing for confirmation. Bluetongue is a notifiable disease. If you suspect one of your animals has Bluetongue, it is vital to report it as early as possible. Contact your nearest Animal and Plant Health Agency office immediately.

Bluetongue free status was declared in Wales and across the UK on 5 July 2011. 'Bluetongue free status' means that animals exported from GB to other Bluetongue free countries no longer need to be vaccinated. However, animals brought in from high risk areas will continue to be tested for all strains of the disease and are required to be vaccinated.

The threat of disease to the UK will continue to be monitored.

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