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Size analysis of businesses

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  • Release date: 29 November 2018
  • Period covered: 2018
An annual report which gives estimates of the size structure of all enterprises that are active in Wales, including estimates for the very smallest businesses that operate below the VAT threshold.

Key points

  • In 2018, 38.0 per cent of private sector employment in Wales was accounted for by large enterprises (those with 250 or more employees), compared with 39.9 per cent for the UK as a whole.
  • Between 2003 and 2018, the proportion of employment in the large size-band fell by 3.6 percentage points in Wales.
  • In 2018, around 0.5 per cent of enterprises active in Wales were non-UK owned, accounting for 13.9 per cent of employment in 2018, up from 13.6 per cent in 2017.
  • There was considerable variation between industry sectors, with employment in agriculture dominated by micro businesses (90.3 per cent) and employment in production industries concentrated in the large size-band (48.7 per cent).
  • Within Wales, the local authorities with the largest proportion of private sector employment in the large size-band were Newport and Cardiff (53.1 per cent and 52.7 per cent, respectively), and the smallest was Powys (18.5 per cent).


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