Skip to content
Social Research

Review and evaluation of the impact of the Credit and Qualifications Framework for Wales (CQFW)

Bookmark and Share
  • Release date: 17 July 2014
The aims of the review were to understand the impact the CQFW has had in Wales, determine if its structure and purpose should be reviewed, and to set out the key functions that a future credit and qualifications framework could fulfil.

The research took place between October 2013 and May 2014.


The CQFW was formally adopted by the Welsh Government in 2002 and launched in 2003. Its implementation phase has run from 2003-2014.  It is an over-arching structure designed to provide greater clarity on the qualifications system and includes higher education, regulated qualifications and quality assured lifelong learning.  

Key Findings

  • Stakeholders generally have good levels of awareness of the CQFW and its goals.
  • The CQFW is strongly embedded in certain sectors, notably higher education and adult and community learning where it is closely aligned with qualifications outcomes and organisational standards.
  • Stakeholders from all sectors considered one of the main impacts of the CQFW to have been its role in allowing for greater recognition of prior and informal learning through the Quality Assured Lifelong Learning pillar.
  • However, there was widespread opinion among stakeholders that, despite the aims and ambitions of the CQFW, it was not being used in practice as much as had been hoped across the education and employment sectors.
  • The large majority of stakeholders from across all sectors support the continuation of the CQFW and its embedding at the heart of the ongoing design, delivery and use of qualifications in Wales.
  • For the large majority of stakeholders the design and content of the CQFW was largely satisfactory. Its flexibility and adaptability was seen as a key current strength and something to build on.


Tel: 0300 025 3812

Tel: 0300 025 8099

Keep up to date @StatisticsWales@StatisticsWales Sign up to our newsletterSign up to our newsletter