Estimates of economic activity within the countries of the UK and the nine English regions for July to September 2021.
The most recent gross domestic product (GDP) data in this report is for quarter 3 (July to September) 2022.
GDP measures the value of goods and services produced in the UK. It estimates the size of and growth in the economy.
These are experimental statistics and should be treated with caution. The data can be volatile, and quarterly movements should normally be considered alongside the long-term trend.
Change over the quarter
- GDP in Wales decreased by 0.3% in July to September 2021 compared with the previous quarter (April to June). This compares to an increase in quarter 2 2021, following the easing of coronavirus (COVID-19) restrictions.
- Wales was the only country in the UK to see a decrease in GDP over the quarter. Northern Ireland, Scotland and England all saw increases over the same time period (up 1.4%, 0.9% and 0.6%, respectively).
- Accommodation and food service activities was the industry with the largest percentage growth in quarter 3 2021 (up 23.7%). This industry also had the largest percentage growth in quarter 2 2021, likely reflecting the easing of coronavirus (COVID-19) restrictions.
- Mining and quarrying was the industry which experienced the largest decrease over the quarter (down 21.3%).
The Office for National Statistics have paused updating the time series between Quarter 1 2012 and Quarter 4 2019 to focus on developing methods to improve data quality and minimise the frequency of revisions.
As a result, data within this release have been updated to include Quarter 3 (July to September) 2021 but do not include any revisions to earlier data periods, including alignment to recently published Annual Regional Accounts or Quarterly National Accounts. As such, the commentary has been limited to quarter-on-quarter changes from Quarter 2 2021 to Quarter 3 2021.
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