Based on what we know about coronavirus (COVID-19), doctors have advised that the group of people identified in the list below are at an increased risk of severe illness from coronavirus (COVID-19):
- aged 70 or older (regardless of medical conditions)
- under 70 with an underlying health condition listed below (ie anyone instructed to get a flu jab as an adult each year on medical grounds):
- chronic (long-term) respiratory diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema or bronchitis
- chronic heart disease, such as heart failure
- chronic kidney disease
- chronic liver disease, such as hepatitis
- chronic neurological conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), a learning disability or cerebral palsy
- problems with your spleen – for example, sickle cell anaemia or if you have had your spleen removed
- a weakened immune system as the result of conditions such as HIV and AIDS, or medicines such as steroid tablets or chemotherapy
- being seriously overweight (a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or above)
- those who are pregnant
In addition, a risk assessment tool has been developed to help people working to see if they are at higher risk of developing more serious symptoms if they come into contact with coronavirus (COVID-19). It helps people to consider their personal risk factors for coronavirus (COVID-19) and suggests how to stay safe.
There are some clinical conditions which put people at even higher risk of severe illness and make them more susceptible to the most serious effects of COVID-19. This group are identified as clinically extremely vulnerable. They will be added to the shielding patient list and receive letters with the latest advice directly.