Skip to main content

Monthly data on employment, unemployment and economic inactivity.

Headline labour market indicators, 3 months to April 2022

This headline provides a summary of the latest key statistics relating to the Welsh labour market, and includes data from the Labour Force Survey and experimental statistics from HMRC’s Pay As You Earn Real Time Information.

Employment rate

Image
The employment rate in the UK is generally higher than in Wales over the last 10 years.

Wales

The employment rate in Wales was 74.0%. This is down 0.4 percentage points on the quarter and up slightly on the year.

UK

The UK employment rate was 75.6%. This is up 0.2 percentage points on the quarter and up 1.0 percentage points on the year. This is the joint highest employment rate since April to June 2020 and the joint largest annual increase since September to November 2015.

Unemployment rate

Image
The unemployment rate has decreased overall in both Wales and the UK over the last 10 years. The rate increased following the start of the coronavirus pandemic, but has been decreasing since the start of 2021.

Wales

The unemployment rate in Wales was 3.5%. This is up 0.5 percentage points on the quarter and down 0.7 percentage points on the year.

UK

The UK unemployment rate was 3.8%. This is down 0.2 percentage points on the quarter and down 1.1 percentage points on the year.

Economic inactivity rate

Image
The economic inactivity rate has generally decreased in the UK over the last 10 years but has generally increased since the end of 2020. Whereas, the rate has fluctuated in Wales.

Wales

The economic inactivity rate in Wales was 23.3%. This is up slightly over the quarter and up 0.5 percentage points on the year.

UK

The UK economic inactivity rate was 21.3%. This is down slightly over the quarter and also over the year.

Monthly paid employees and earnings from Pay As You Earn Real Time Information

The Office for National Statistics and HM Revenue & Customs publish data for Wales on payrolled employees, mean pay, aggregate pay and single month estimates for median pay.

Paid Employees

Image
The chart shows a generally upward trend of paid employees over the past few years and then a steep decrease from March 2020 until July 2020. Since the end of 2020, the number of paid employees has generally been increasing.

The number of paid employees has generally increased in recent years, but fell during the pandemic. The number of paid employees began increasing again at the end of 2020 and is now above the pre-pandemic level.

Early estimates for May 2022 indicate that the number of paid employees in Wales has increased by 6,400 (0.5%) over the month to 1.30 million. This is above the pre-pandemic estimates for February 2020, and an increase of 73,800 since the lowest point of the pandemic in November 2020.

Early estimates for May 2022 at a UK level showed a monthly increase of 90,000 (0.3%). (revised on 14 June after 9.30am)

Other detailed breakdowns of paid employees including by local authority, by age and by sector are published by the Office for National Statistics.

Reports

Labour market overview: June 2022 , file type: PDF, file size: 911 KB

PDF
911 KB
If you need a more accessible version of this document please email digital@gov.wales. Please tell us the format you need. If you use assistive technology please tell us what this is.

Data

Datasets and interactive tools

Contact

Alexandra Fitzpatrick

Telephone: 0300 025 9016

Media

Telephone: 0300 025 8099