Skip to main content

How governing bodies will operate while schools are closed during the pandemic.

First published:
2 April 2020
Last updated:

The Minister for Education, Kirsty Williams MS, announced on 9 July that all learners would return to school in the autumn term.

Following this announcement, detailed operational and learning guidance for schools and setting from the autumn term was published on 13 July.

What is the role of a governing body in the reopening of a school?

The governing body is responsible for its school at a strategic level but headteachers have delegated responsibilities for the day to day operational management of their school. Governing bodies will need to be aware of the operational decisions being taken by the headteacher, and should be assured that an adequate risk assessment has been conducted, and that protective measures are in place to reduce risks to children, young people and staff. In practice, we expect headteachers and governing bodies to work collaboratively in deciding how schools will reopen their provision to all registered pupils.

All schools should work together with their local authorities and, where appropriate, diocesan authorities to ensure the services they will need to support their operation are in place.

How should a governing body be involved in a school’s risk assessment and plans in preparation for reopening?

Governing bodies should be assured that the headteacher has had regard to the detailed operational guidance published by Welsh Government on 13 July in their preparation and planning. This includes advice on putting in place appropriate measures.

Governing bodies should discuss critical risks as they normally would with the headteacher in a supportive manner and review the risk assessment and plans as necessary.

Governing bodies should decide whether to delegate risk assessments to a committee, select governors or the headteacher. Local authorities are on hand to ensure a robust process is being used and offer advice.

The latest risk assessment guidance is available.

Will there be any financial support available to schools to account for the changes required, such as extra cleaning services?

On 17 August the Welsh Government announced a further £264 million for LAs to support them with additional costs as a result of COVID-19. This latest package includes £25 million for additional school cleaning until the end of March 2021 to make sure we can make our schools as safe an environment for our young people, our teachers and other staff as possible.

What steps can governing bodies take to ensure the well-being of the headteacher and school staff?

Governing bodies, together with headteachers, should be conscious of the well-being of all staff, including headteachers themselves, and the need to implement flexible working practices in a way that promotes good work-life balance. Governing bodies will want to assure themselves that workload is being carefully managed by headteachers and that this is factored into their resource and curriculum planning, including considering where additional resource could be safely brought in if necessary.

Chairs should regularly check in with headteachers to see how they and other staff are coping and what additional support the governing body could offer. It may be helpful to ask questions like:

  • How are you feeling? How can the governing body support you?
  • Have you been in touch with the local authority for advice?
  • How are learners coping?
  • What are the main messages coming back from staff? Is the school adequately staffed?
  • How have parents responded to the reopening?
  • What urgent business would you like the governing body to focus on?

What happens if a member of school staff or a pupil contracts coronavirus?

Detailed advice is available in the operational guidance. To be clear, under no circumstances should learners or staff attend school if they:

  • Feel unwell with any of the identified COVID-19 symptoms. They should remain at home and self-isolate and arrange a COVID-19 test.
  • Have tested positive for COVID-19.
  • Live in a household with someone who has symptoms of, or has tested positive for COVID-19. All schools and settings must follow this process and ensure all staff are aware of it.

How can governing bodies take account of the views of staff, parents, carers and the local community?

Governing bodies should be satisfied that headteachers and the school leadership team are communicating frequently and effectively with staff, parents, carers and the local community, and listening and responding to any concerns they may have regarding the reopening of the school. Governing bodies and headteachers should work together with their local authority to listen to and address any local concerns.

How can governing bodies continue to function effectively during this time?

Welsh Government appreciates that governing bodies have a key role in supporting their school throughout this period and that decisions will need to be pragmatic, proportionate and sensitive to local circumstances. Governing bodies remain accountable for their schools and should stay connected to headteachers, and the key operational decisions they are taking, to retain a strategic overview of the school.

How should governing bodies meet at this time?

The current advice is to work from home, if possible, and avoid gathering indoors if possible. We therefore advise governing bodies to adopt alternative arrangements such as meeting by remote access where possible. We have issued guidance on staying at home and away from others.

There is nothing in the Government of Maintained Schools (Wales) Regulations 2005 which prevents a governing body meeting ‘virtually’. The Regulations were drafted with the idea that GB members would be physically present. Nonetheless, they do not preclude members being virtually present.

Where possible, video conferencing such as Skype, Zoom or Microsoft Teams is preferable, as you can see and hear the individual so as to ensure the governing body members present are those expected. Use of such technology is not uniform across governing bodies and so a judgement call would need to be made as to its practicality.

If you are using video conferencing platforms to continue to meet as a governing body, then please consider the security of the platforms that you are using. You should read the privacy terms and conditions and ensure that where possible you enable any security features. If you have any concerns, you might want to consult your IT provider or staff for support.

Clerks to governing bodies will want to be assured that they can maintain a clear communication and audit trail which explains why it was necessary to take an alternative approach to traditional meetings and committees.

Please be assured that if meetings are unable to proceed as a result of coronavirus, school governing bodies will not be penalised.

Any governors who have a particular health concern and were therefore ‘shielding’ prior to 16 August should not put themselves at risk by attending meetings. If governors need to attend school to meet with the headteacher.  this should be carefully managed to avoid close contact with others and good hand hygiene should be observed.

How should governing bodies keep records of discussions and decisions?

The Regulations currently state that paper records of meetings must be kept, but we don’t expect any governing bodies to be taken to task on this issue given the current circumstances.

Given the unprecedented circumstances, if making a decision by e-mail means that a governing body can more easily conduct its core functions, this is acceptable. Clerks must of course keep a record any such decisions and associated discussion and votes.

Local authorities may be able to help you with adopting new ways of making decisions and voting electronically and in virtual meetings.

Please also make contingency plans in case the Chair, Vice Chair or Clerk become unavailable. You may also revisit your agreed delegations of certain functions to enable fewer governors to make business critical decisions. Your local authority can help you with this.

Please consider delaying any business that can wait. The wellbeing of learners, staff and everyone in the school community including governors is of paramount importance.

Governing body functions

As learners return to school and the wider restrictions on general society are gradually relaxed, there still may be some non-urgent business that governing bodies will wish to delay. Howeve,r we anticipate that the following governing body functions can still take place in most cases:

We anticipate that the following governing body functions can still take place in most cases:

  • Business critical decisions (e.g. budget approval, ratifying school leadership appointments).
  • Monitoring how the school is continuing to provide care for vulnerable children and children of key workers, and assessing and recording associated risks.
  • Supporting the headteacher to manage the day-to-day business of the school and being on hand to discuss any issues.
  • Monitoring any issues arising from how the building and school premises are currently being used.
  • Monitoring the wellbeing and welfare of pupils, staff and stakeholders. 
  • Reporting any issues with managing this business immediately to the local authority for help and advice.

What general governing body functions should continue?

Many normal school operations will look quite different, even as schools reopen from September. That doesn't mean that the governing body’s role in monitoring the school has disappeared but it may feel different. Governing bodies are still required to monitor:

  • safeguarding
  • health and safety
  • headteacher and staff well-being

Governing bodies may not have the same level of detail about their schools as they would expect to get in normal circumstances. It is important to maintain contact with the headteacher though to ensure wellbeing needs are being met.

How can governing bodies of federated schools uniquely offer support at this time?

Consider the possibility of a specific federation approach to reopening your schools. Your local authority can help you think about the possibility of sharing staff, resources and premises across the federation.

How can governing bodies set their school budgets?

We expect that a good deal of the preparation work for setting budgets will have already taken place. With the caveat that the coronavirus pandemic will have de-railed some of this, governing bodies should be able to provide a minimum standard with the support of their local authority.

How can governing bodies manage staffing issues?

In managing school staffing issues, governing bodies must ensure they comply with employment law which is non-devolved. Governing bodies should seek their own legal advice where required.

How much of the Governors’ Annual Report to Parents should be made available?

School Governors will still be required to produce an annual report. The requirements to report on school performance, absence, and targets in the annual report will not apply this year.

We have suspended The School Performance and Absence Targets (Wales) Regulations 2011. This means that schools will not be required to report on targets in relation to performance or absence for the 2019/20 academic year, or set them for the 2020 to 2021 academic year (and local authorities will not be required to authorise targets). Other existing targets, such as those that were provisionally set in previous years, will not need to be published in any new school based plans or reports (e.g. School Development Plans or Governor Reports).

What data will be made available to schools this year?

We have cancelled all statutory data collections that would have been due to take place before the school summer holidays and have not yet started. Normal arrangements for reporting of Key Stage 4 and post-16 performance measures will be suspended for this year and we are also actively considering the associated arrangements and statutory requirements that depend on the availability of data.

How can governing bodies publish their school prospectus this year?

Schools are still required to produce a school prospectus (and local authorities a composite prospectus). Whilst it is important that parents and other stakeholders continue to have access to information, the regulations will be modified to a ‘reasonable endeavours’ basis to provide flexibility in terms of content. This will include the removal of current statutory requirements to report on school performance (published on DEWi) and absence.

How can governors keep up to date with mandatory training if they aren't meeting face-to-face?

Many local authorities and some regional consortia provide online training for governors. If this is not available in your area, we advise you to seek advice from your local authority.

Should committees continue to meet?

By now, many governing bodies and committees will have met by remote access. Governing bodies should continue to take a pragmatic approach to organising committee meetings. Clerks should record all instances where committee meetings are unable to proceed and the reasons for that decision. Availability of governors will need to be considered to ensure that committee meetings are quorate. Local authorities are on hand to advise and help to prioritise urgent business.

Can recruiting and appointing new governors go ahead?

Recruiting of governors can still go ahead and discussions with those who are interested can take place virtually. Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) checks will still need to be carried out, where appropriate.

Elections to parent, teacher and staff governors may proceed as long as this can be done safely. Governing bodies should take a pragmatic approach to elections and seek support from their local authority in organising them.

Voting in a chair and vice chair can take place virtually, so long as a private ballot is possible, where the positions are contested. Your local authority may be able to help with this process using video conferencing tools.

How can governing bodies make changes to school session times?

A temporary disapplication notice to parts of the Changing of School Session Times (Wales) Regulations 2009 has been issued. It will be in force from 1 September for 30 days at which point it will be reviewed.

This means that changes to the start and end times of the school day, as well as lunch breaks, are permitted without the need for prior consultation or giving notice, for the purposes of increasing operations during the coronavirus pandemic only.

Changes to start and finish times can be disruptive for working parents. In addition, shortened break times may detrimentally affect learners, particularly if time to eat is limited. Governing bodies should ensure they carefully consider the impact on learners and parents when making such changes. Consideration should also be given to the impact that any changes may have on arrangements for dedicated school transport.

Long-term changes to school session times not related to the coronavirus pandemic must follow the procedures for consultation and notice periods set out in the Changing of School Session Times (Wales) Regulations 2009.

How should governing bodies conduct hearings such as formal complaints and exclusion reviews?

It may be possible to do so by holding virtual meetings where virtual meetings can facilitate the process and all, including parents/carers and learners in the case of exclusion reviews, are in agreement that it is necessary and appropriate.  Remember that complaints should be dealt with as quickly as possible and, where delays are necessary, the complainant should be informed.

How should governing bodies manage the headteacher recruitment process?

The process of recruiting a headteacher for a September 2020 start may be affected by delays. Your local authority will be able to advise on how to proceed in these circumstances.

Tips for successful virtual governing body meetings

Decide on a platform for your virtual meeting   

The Clerk and the Chair of the governing body will want to discuss options and may need to trial tools such as Skype, Zoom or MS Teams. Issues with internet connectivity may come up and may be addressed by limiting use of video to only the person speaking. In any case, the Clerk will need to be assured that they can keep an accurate record of all business conducted virtually. All parties must be in agreement as to how the meeting will work.

Test the platform and provide instructions

It is good practice to try out the meeting platform before the real meeting takes place. The Clerk and Chair will want to ensure the tool works as well as possible before using for real at the governing body meeting. The Clerk should take responsibility for issuing instructions for using the virtual meeting tool as part of their duty to convene the meeting and to circulate the agenda papers.

Pre-meeting preparation

As with all governing body meetings, the Chair and Clerk will want to make time to discuss what’s on the virtual meeting agenda, how much time is needed for each item, likely questions, required decisions and outcomes.

Also think about setting meeting etiquette, such as joining on time, keeping to the agenda and allowing everyone to contribute. This will help the virtual meeting run smoothly and all parties will understand the purpose.

It’s also important to ensure that governors can join meetings in a private space where sensitive discussions cannot be overheard. Clerks should routinely check with everyone present at the meeting that this is the case.

Keep accurate records

The Clerk and Chair, as with normal governing body meetings, will ensure that notes of discussions and decisions are recorded properly.

Other electronic communications such as email discussions and decision making should be included in the record as well and may be helpful in limiting the need for long detailed minute taking.

Evaluate and change tack if necessary 

Don’t be disconcerted if the first meeting does not go perfectly. Go back to the earlier tips and work out how trying something a little differently may improve the meeting. It may be that something as simple as a shorter, more focused agenda could make all the difference.

Share this page