Monthly data, produced by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), including statistics on tests, new incidents, herds under restriction and animals slaughtered for January 2019.
This is not the latest release in the series: Incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in cattle in Great Britain
The Defra Statistics release, on which this statistical headline is based, includes statistics on the basis of the Wales TB areas.
New TB herd incidents
- In the 12 months to January 2019 there were 766 new herd incidents reported in Wales.
- This is a 4% decrease on the previous 12 months, when there were 796 incidents.
- The overall trend since 2009 is broadly downwards. However the trajectory is not consistent, with periods of rising and falling trends over that period.
Animals slaughtered for TB control
- In the 12 months to January 2019, 11,305 cattle were slaughtered due to bovine TB control.
- This is a 12% increase on the previous 12 months, when 10,076 cattle were slaughtered.
- The overall trend is variable. Much of the rise since 2014 is attributable to increased use of high-sensitivity testing. For example, gamma-testing, removal of Inconclusive Reactors (IRs) and severe interpretation of the skin test have all been used with the intention of clearing up infection and reducing the risk of the disease spreading and breakdowns recurring.
- As the chart shows, the monthly series is extremely variable and peaks can be expected from time to time. The number of animals slaughtered in October 2018 was the highest (1,499) month since records began; November 2018 was the second highest month. The numbers in the following months have continued to decrease since the peak in October 2018.
- The winter months are traditionally a busy testing period, as the animals are housed. The recent increase is likely to be due to increased gamma testing and application of severe interpretation of the skin test and removal of all inconclusive reactors in all action plan herds. Action plan herds are those that have been under restriction for 18 months or longer. They tend to be larger, which would result in a greater number of reactors. The measures are used with the intention of clearing up infection and reducing the risk of the disease spreading and breakdowns recurring. It remains to be seen whether this is a spike or a sustained increase for a longer period.
There are variations in the monthly figures for a number of reasons including the seasonal aspect of TB, impact of unusual weather, number of test reading days in a month, impact of herds where a large number of animals are slaughtered in one month, etc. The data are not seasonally adjusted so month-on-month comparisons should be treated with caution.
These statistics are part of a suite of outputs that is used to monitor TB in Wales. For more detailed analysis and discussion of these trends, there is a focus on the quarterly Wales TB dashboard of indicators, which features a handful of key measures and statistical commentary.
Please note that the TB statistics published by Defra in March, June, September and December are National Statistics; the remaining months are Official Statistics.
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