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Find out more about the COVID-19 vaccine programme.

First published:
20 January 2021
Last updated:

About COVID-19 vaccination

A safe and effective vaccine will offer individual protection from COVID-19. It will also offer greater protection for our loved ones and communities.

Vaccinating the population with a safe and effective vaccine will:

  • protect people from COVID-19
  • enable us to lift restrictions in due course
  • help us to return to a more normal life

There are 3 COVID-19 vaccines currently available, approved as safe by the UK Medicines Regulator:

  • Pfizer-BioNTech
  • Oxford-AstraZeneca
  • Moderna

In line with expert advice from the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI ), the NHS will make the appropriate vaccine available at the right time for individuals.  

Read the latest information on COVID-19 vaccination on Public Health Wales.

Getting your vaccination appointment

The NHS is vaccinating people in order of clinical risk (on GOV.UK), largely based on age groups from old to young. Some people are much more at risk than others from serious complications of COVID-19. This is why the vaccine programme was prioritised to protect them first.

When it is your turn to receive the vaccine, you will be contacted directly by the NHS. You may be contacted by either telephone or letter. 

All health boards are now inviting everyone 16 or over to be vaccinated. If you have not received an invitation or think you have been missed contact your local health board. Local health boards are offering vaccination walk-in clinics so please ask for details.

Beware of scams: the vaccination is free of charge to everyone.

You will never be asked for payment or bank details.

Receiving a second vaccination dose

A second vaccine dose will now be offered to young people aged 16 and 17, following advice from the JCVI based on the latest evidence. This will be 12 weeks or more after their first dose. If someone in this age group has had a COVID-19 infection since their first dose, they should be given the second vaccine dose 12 weeks or more after the COVID-19 infection. 

COVID-19 vaccination in children and young people aged 16 to 17 years: JCVI statement, November 2021

The JCVI looked at the benefits and risks of offering a second dose to 16 and 17 year olds and found that it extended protection against COVID-19 and further reduced the risk of infection, serious illness and hospitalisation. These benefits were balanced against data showing very rare adverse events following vaccination in young people.

This means everyone over the age of 16 will be offered two doses of the vaccine.

When you have your COVID-19 vaccine, you will get a credit card-sized NHS Wales immunisation card. The card is used to record information about your vaccine, your appointments and contains advice on how to report any side effects.

COVID-19 vaccine for pregnancy

Vaccination is being offered to pregnant women at the same time as the rest of the population, based on age and clinical risk.

PHW and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists have produced a pregnancy COVID-19 vaccine decision making tool

If you are pregnant it's preferable for you to have the Pfizer/BioNTech or Moderna vaccine. This is because they've been more widely used during pregnancy in other countries and no safety concerns have been identified. 

Pregnant women who started a course of vaccine should complete vaccination using same vaccine. You can talk to your vaccinator or a healthcare professional about the jab if you have any concerns.

Vaccines for 12 to 15 year olds

The COVID-19 vaccine will be offered to young people aged 12 to 15 years from 4 October. Read more about the COVID-19 vaccine for 12 to 15 year olds.

Autumn booster campaign

Third vaccine dose for immunosuppressed people

Adults and children aged 12 and over with a severely weakened immune system will now be offered a third COVID-19 vaccine dose. The NHS will contact you directly to arrange an appointment at a time that is suitable in your treatment.


If you’ve had the coronavirus vaccine but have symptoms or have been told to self-isolate you must still self-isolate.

After your vaccination