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What you and businesses can and cannot do during the outbreak and what happens if you break these new laws.

General

What restrictions are in place?

There are 4 main things:

  • certain business are not allowed to be open
  • people have to stay local and not be indoors with anyone who is not a member of their household unless they have a good reason
  • rules have been made about keeping people 2 metres apart when they do go out (also known as physical distancing)
  • people must not gather in public places other than with members of one other household

Why have these restrictions been put in place?

The restrictions are essential to slow the spread of coronavirus. People travelling, meeting each other and touching things in public places can all spread coronavirus. We want people to stay local and keep their distance from others to keep Wales safe.

How do the restrictions protect the NHS and save lives?

The restrictions will help to slow the spread of coronavirus, meaning fewer people will get ill. This reduces the risk of people dying from coronavirus. If too many people become ill at the same time, the NHS would not be able to treat everybody.

How is the Welsh Government able to do this?

Public health and health are both devolved matters. The Welsh Ministers have wide ranging powers under legislation to respond to the pandemic.

How long will these restrictions stay in place?

The restrictions will be in place until the risk of the spread of coronavirus has reduced, when they can be relaxed. Welsh Ministers have a duty to review these restrictions every 3 weeks.

Is breaching the restrictions against the law?

Yes they are imposed by the Health Protection (Coronavirus Restrictions) (Wales) Regulations 2020 and you can be fined for not complying with the law.

Why do the restrictions change?

The legal powers to make the regulations require the restrictions to be proportionate to the outcome they are trying to achieve. They must be reviewed every 21 days. This means reviewing scientific evidence about the spread of coronavirus and considering the impact of the restrictions. The Welsh Ministers then consider what activity can resume.

Minor changes have been made because of the impact the restrictions (and people complying with Welsh Government advice) have had on the spread of coronavirus in Wales to date. This has helped to stabilise the situation in Wales – reducing the number of people admitted to hospital with coronavirus; the number of people who are seriously ill in intensive care and the number of people who are dying from coronavirus.

Are critical workers covered by the restrictions?

Yes. The regulations affect how people live their daily lives and where they go. The Welsh Government has previously identified categories of critical workers, which will determine whose children can go to school or receive childcare. However, the regulations make no reference to ‘critical workers’, so they must be followed by everyone regardless of ‘critical worker’ status.

How do I get advice about what I can and can’t do?

The Welsh Government has issued guidance to accompany the regulations and these answers to frequently asked questions. We are unable, however, to answer specific queries from individuals because the answer will depend on the particular circumstances. Community advice services such as Citizens Advice are available online and by telephone. 

Staying local

What does ‘local’ mean?

As a general rule, for most people anything within 5 miles of your home is considered local. Most people in Wales live within 5 miles of shops, public services and other things that are essential for everyday purposes.

But we recognise that in rural areas these things may well be spread over a wider geographical area, and this means you may need to travel further to do the same sorts of things you could do within five miles elsewhere.

So while 5 miles is a good rule of thumb for most people, if you live in a rural area, you will probably be used to defining your local area a little more widely.

Why do the rules say I must stay in my local area?

The purpose of people staying within their local area and not travelling long distances is to limit the potential spread of the virus between communities. Coronavirus is a “silent spreader” – people can have the virus and infect others without showing symptoms. So we need to do all we can to reduce the risk of people carrying the virus from community to community by travelling.

Does stay local mean I can’t leave my local area at all?

No, you can leave your local area if you have a “reasonable excuse” to do so – this includes going to work or using public services that are not available locally.

But the basic message is that we want people to stay local as much as possible. This is particularly important if you are an extremely vulnerable person – somebody in the shielded group who has received a letter from the Chief Medical Officer for Wales asking them to adopt strict shielding measures to protect them from the virus.

Whenever you are outdoors you should stay 2 metres away from other people and wash your hands frequently. You can only gather or meet with members of one other household (outside).

What can’t I do?

The legal requirement is that you can’t leave your local area without a reasonable excuse. However we urge people to think not only about what you can’t do because the law says so, but also about what you shouldn’t do because it could increase the spread of coronavirus and your risk of contracting coronavirus. So even if you can travel within your local area, you should think about whether there are alternatives, like working from home, shopping online or exercising in the garden. Similarly even though you can now meet others in limited circumstances, this isn’t an invitation for people to do so.

What can I do?

There is a list of reasonable excuses to leave your local area, such as going to work, going to buy food and having medical treatment. Other reasons for leaving your local area that aren’t listed may, however, also be allowed if they are reasonable. Please more detailed guidance on the regulations.

I have to attend court – am I still supposed to go?

Yes. If your court proceedings are still going ahead, you can leave your local area to attend court, providing you are not self-isolating – in which case you should contact the court for further information. The courts should help you stay 2 metres away from other people. The rules preventing gatherings of more than 2 households do not apply to legal proceedings.

My bail conditions require me to report to a police station or meet other requirements, can I leave my local area for this?

Yes, providing you are not self-isolating – in which case you should contact the court that imposed the conditions for further information.

Can I move house?

Yes, you can, but you shouldn’t if your moving date can be postponed.

Why can’t I visit members of my family who live outside my local area?

You can leave your local area to provide care for or to help someone who needs it, such as an older person, a child or a vulnerable adult. But you should consider whether there are alternative sources of support available.

In considering whether there is a need to travel outside your local area, you should remember we all have a responsibility to recognise the risks the virus presents to ourselves, our families and friends and our wider communities. People will need to make judgements for themselves about what is reasonable, in line with that overarching principle.

Please keep in mind that the purpose of the continuing restrictions is to prevent the transmission of the virus, including to those we care about.

Can I be fined by the police if I travel outside my local area without reasonable excuse?

Yes, police can issue fines.

Travelling and public transport

Can I drive to the coast or to the countryside?

You can only do this within your local area. Travelling to parks, beaches and attractions outside your local area is not allowed. Many attractions and beauty spots (including car parks and public toilets) remain closed.

Can I drive to my holiday caravan to do routine maintenance and repair work?

No (assuming this is not in your local area). It is not considered to be a reasonable excuse to leave your local area. In any event caravan and holiday parks are required to be closed, although there are some exceptions – some people remain on site as otherwise they would be made homeless.

Can I drive to stay at my second home?

No (assuming this is not in your local area) – this is not considered to be a reasonable excuse to leave your local area. Travelling to a second home increases the risk of spreading the virus and also puts pressure on the NHS in areas, which do not have the capacity to deal with an influx of people.

My son or daughter has left belongings in their student accommodation, which now needs to be vacated. Can we travel there to get them?

If this can’t be postponed and is required to comply with the terms of the accommodation agreement it would be a reasonable excuse. More information for students and their families.

Can I use public transport?

Yes. There are, however, fewer train services and many buses have reduced capacity to ensure people can maintain social distancing practices. Please follow the guidance on using public transport.

Can I car share with work colleagues from a different household to travel to and from work?

This is not recommended as it is difficult to maintain social distancing. If you normally share a vehicle with people from other households for essential journeys, we recommend you find a different way to travel. However, we recognise that there are times when travelling in a car with others can’t be avoided. Please see guidance on travelling safely.

Do the Welsh rules apply to people coming to Wales from other parts of the UK?

Yes, the rules apply to everyone in Wales. People should not be travelling beyond their local area in Wales. This means that journeys into Wales will generally not be allowed.

Business closures, work and physical distancing

How do the restrictions affect businesses?

People should continue to work from home wherever they can.

Many businesses, including non-essential retail, have had to close. Those which are open must take all reasonable measures to keep people apart – the 2 metre physical distancing duty is enshrined in Welsh law. Please see the guidance for businesses and employers.

Can my business be open?

The coronavirus regulations set out the list of all businesses which must be closed – these include bars and restaurants; leisure facilities and hotels. Most shops are currently closed but they can fulfil internet and telephone orders, including by “click and collect”. Please see guidance on business closures.

The list of businesses which must be closed will be reviewed on 18 June, and we advise non-essential retailers to prepare for possible re-opening.

If I do go to work what must my employer do?

Where possible, people should work from home. Where that is not possible, employers must comply with a physical distancing duty, which means all reasonable measures must be taken to ensure a 2 metre distance is maintained between people while working. Please see the guidance on reasonable measures for more information.

My employer wants me to go to work. Do I have to?

People should only travel to work if it is not reasonably practicable for them to work from home. If you have coronavirus symptoms, live in the same house as someone with symptoms or are in an at-risk or extremely vulnerable group, you must stay at home. 

Employers and employees should discuss their working arrangements. Employers should take every possible step to help their employees to work from home, including providing suitable IT equipment. Employers also have a separate legal duty to take reasonable steps to ensure their employees are not exposed to risks to their health.

Can I carry out building or repair work in someone’s home?

Yes. Work carried out in people’s homes, for example by tradespeople, can continue. Our advice, however, is that both the tradesperson and household members should be well and have no symptoms of coronavirus. Please see the self-isolation guidance for more information. Like other businesses, tradespeople must take all reasonable measures to ensure that 2 metre distancing is maintained at all times when working in other people’s households. Please see the guidance on reasonable measures for more information.

We recommend no work should be carried out in any household which is isolating or where a person who is classed as extremely vulnerable is undertaking ‘shielding’ measures, unless it is to repair a fault which poses a direct risk to people’s safety – for example, emergency plumbing. In these cases, Public Health Wales can provide advice to tradespeople and households. But no work should be carried out by a tradesperson who has coronavirus symptoms, however mild.

Can I do voluntary work?

Yes. There is no restriction on going out to provide care or help to a vulnerable person, including emergency help. This includes getting food and medicines for them. But it is important you do not put yourself or the person you are caring for at risk. Please see the volunteering guidance for more information.

My employer hasn’t taken any steps to keep people 2 metres apart while working, what should I do?

You should raise this with your trade union or other representatives – or directly with the employer. We hope issues can be resolved through discussion, however failures to take reasonable steps can be reported to the environmental health department of your local authority. More information, including a whistleblowing hotline, is available on the TUC website.

How will businesses be aware of the law?

These emergency laws have been widely publicised by the Welsh Government and, in the normal way, the regulations can be found on legislation.gov.uk and associated guidance on the Welsh Government website. The Welsh Government has also published a consolidated version of the Regulations.

Health care and carers

I need to access health services, what do I do?

You can leave your home to access health services, but you should phone beforehand. Please follow any guidance your local surgery or health service has put in place to protect you and staff, including the need to keep 2 metres away from other patients waiting to see a GP or nurse. If you can rearrange your appointment, please do so, and use NHS 111 Wales online services where possible.

If you have symptoms of coronavirus do not visit your GP, hospital or pharmacy. For more information please use the NHS 111 Wales symptom checker.

What should I do if I have a hospital or GP appointment?

We advise everyone to access medical assistance remotely, wherever possible. However, if you have a scheduled hospital or other medical appointment during this period, talk to your GP or clinician to ensure you continue to receive the care you need and consider whether appointments can be postponed.

I need a carer, can my carer still help me?

Yes, there are various exceptions to the restrictions that mean people can still receive care.

Vulnerable people and the homeless

Do the restrictions apply to vulnerable people?

Yes, it is particularly important that extremely vulnerable people (the shielded group) continue to follow the guidance that was issued from the Chief Medical Officer for Wales. Extremely vulnerable people in Wales are those who have one of a very specific list of pre-existing and long-term serious health conditions. The impact of their pre-existing, long-term health condition on their immune system puts them at high risk of serious illness if they are exposed to coronavirus.

Those in this position have received a letter from the Chief Medical Officer for Wales asking them to adopt strict shielding measures to protect them from the virus. 

Two changes to the advice for this group were made on 1 June:

  • outdoor exercise is unlimited, as long as individuals strictly follow social distancing rules and hygiene practices
  • those who are shielding can meet outside with people from another household – but should not go into another person’s house or share food with them

There are no other changes being made to the advice for those who are shielding at this stage. People who are shielding should continue to follow all the other advice previously given. They should not go shopping or attend work outside of home. They should continue to have food and medicine delivered to them.

What is the advice if I live with a vulnerable person?

If you live in a house with someone who is shielding, please refer to our household guidance.

I am homeless, what should I do?

Extra funding has been provided to local authorities in Wales to help people who are homeless or rough sleeping. If you are in need of support then you should contact the housing options team in your local area, their contact details will be located on your local authority’s website.

Please stay 2 metres away from others. You must not gather in a public place with more than one other person.

The Welsh Government also funds Shelter Cymru to provide independent housing advice and support. Further information, advice and support can be found on the Shelter Cymru website.

Families and meeting others

Who am I allowed to meet up with outdoors?

Members of 2 separate households are allowed to meet outdoors as long as they stay local and maintain social distancing. This does not need to be the same people from the same household every time. There is a low risk of infection if the 2 metre physical distancing rule is maintained while outdoors, but low risk does not mean no risk, so although you can do this, please think about whether you should do this.

Can members of one household meet members of more than one other household outdoors as long as they are separate meetings?

Yes. You can only meet members of one household at a time. But you can organise separate meetings with others (again outdoors and subject to social distancing).

How many people am I allowed to see at any one time?

As long as it is only 2 households who are meeting, there is no restriction on the number of people who can meet outdoors at any one time. Gathering with members of more than one other household at the same time, however, is still illegal.

Why do the rules say meetings can be outdoors but not indoors?

We are learning more about the virus every day and we know the risk of transmission is lower outdoors than indoors – the virus survives for minutes outdoors but can live for hours on surfaces indoors. However, a lower risk doesn’t mean no risk. Even in these circumstances it is vital we all maintain social distancing so we can continue to tackle the spread of this virus.

Are picnics and barbecues with other households allowed?

Yes, as long as they are local you maintain social distancing and don’t share or use the same items as the other household, for example plates, cups and food packages.  Any item that is passed between 2 households will increase the risk of the spread of the virus.

Is social distancing still needed?

Yes, social distancing when meeting anyone not from your household is still essential to stop the spread of the virus.

Can I drive to see another household?

Yes, as long it is within your local area, you see them outdoors and you practice social distancing.

Why can’t I visit members of my family who live outside my local area?

You can leave your local area to provide care for or to help someone who needs it, such as an older person, a child or a vulnerable adult. But you should consider whether there are alternative sources of support available.

In considering whether there is a need to travel outside your local area, you should remember that there is a personal responsibility on all of us to recognise the risks that the virus presents to ourselves, our families and friends and our wider communities.

People will need to make judgements for themselves as to what is reasonable, in line with that overarching principle. Keep in mind that the purpose of the continuing restrictions is to prevent the transmission of the virus, including to those we care about.

Can I travel to parks, beaches, visitor attractions and beauty spots to meet another household?

You should aim to meet another local household as close to your home as possible, for example a local park. If other outdoor visitor areas are local to your home, then travel to them is allowed but you should take care to always maintain social distancing and hand hygiene. You should also try not to use toilets and other shared facilities (where they are available). Travelling to meet another household in parks, beaches and attractions outside your local area is not allowed. Many attractions and beauty spots (including car parks and public toilets) remain closed so you should check before travelling.

Should I use a face covering when I meet another household?

This is a matter of personal choice, but we are not advising the use of face coverings

I share parental responsibility for my child, can they visit the other person with parental responsibility?

Yes. You can continue existing arrangements for access and contact if you share parental responsibility for your child with another person. Please ensure you follow the guidance on frequent handwashing and do not place others at risk if you or a member of your household is self-isolating. If however you have coronavirus symptoms, live in the same house as someone with symptoms, or are in an at-risk or extremely vulnerable group, you should stay at home and children shouldn’t visit.

Going into other people’s homes

Can friends or family from another household come into my home?

Meeting people socially indoors is not allowed under the rules, as it significantly increases the risk of spreading the virus. But if 2 households are meeting in the private garden of one house, visitors can go through the house to reach the garden. You should not stay in the house, or use the kitchen, cutlery or anything else.  If you can, you should also avoid touching things indoors, such as light switches and door handles.

We are learning more about the virus every day and we know the risk of transmission is lower outdoors than indoors – the virus survives for minutes outdoors but can live for hours on surfaces indoors.

If I meet a person from another household in their garden can I use their toilet?


You should try not to – the more we go into other people’s homes and touch things, the more the risk of spreading the virus. Part of the reason why we are asking people to stay local is that we want to minimise use of shared facilities like toilets. If you have to use facilities in another household, the toilet and hand basin should be cleaned thoroughly before and after use. Hand towels should not be shared.

Can tradespeople enter my home?

Yes. Work carried out in people’s homes, for example by tradespeople, can continue. Our advice, however, is that both the tradesperson and household members should be well and have no symptoms of coronavirus. Please see the self-isolation guidance for more information.  Like other businesses, tradespeople must take all reasonable measures to ensure that 2 metre distancing is maintained at all times when working in other people’s households. Please see the guidance on reasonable measures for more information.

We recommend no work should be carried out in any household which is isolating or where a person who is classed as extremely vulnerable is undertaking ‘shielding’ measures, unless it is to repair a fault which poses a direct risk to people’s safety – for example, emergency plumbing. In these cases, Public Health Wales can provide advice to tradespeople and households. But no work should be carried out by a tradesperson who has coronavirus symptoms, however mild.

Shopping and food

Can I go shopping?

Yes. Many shops are required to be closed but supermarkets, hardware stores and some others are open. Shops that are open are required to put measures in place to ensure people are kept 2 metres apart.

Can I use click and collect services outside my local area?

In most cases the answer to this will be no. Collecting things bought online is generally limited to your local area. You need a reasonable excuse for travelling outside the area to collect something you need. That is unlikely to be the case if it can be conveniently delivered to you.

Can I visit a garden centre outside my local area?

For most people the answer is no. You can only leave your local area to go to a garden centre if you can’t get whatever you are buying within your local area or you have a good reason for not buying it in your local area. 

When will shops re-open?

A range of shops can currently operate online delivery and click and collect services, and food stores have remained open throughout the lockdown.

We will be reviewing whether open air markets and non-essential retail stores should re-open on 18 June.

Why are garden centres allowed to be open?

Garden centres are generally outdoors for the most part and the evidence suggests the risk of spreading coronavirus is considerably less outdoors than indoors. They are also required to put measures in place to ensure people are kept 2 metres apart.

Why are drive-through fast food restaurants opening?

Buying takeaway food has always been allowed. Many decided to close despite this but are now re-opening.

When will hairdressers reopen?

There are no plans at the moment to reopen hairdressers as this takes place indoors and within close proximity to another person – but it is being kept under review.

Places of worship, cemeteries and funerals

Can I go to my place of worship?

No, places of worship are closed except for funerals and marriages or civil partnerships where one of the parties is terminally ill.

I am a religious leader, can I go to my place of worship?

Yes, but you will not be able to hold services with other people present, other than funerals.

You can, however, broadcast (without a congregation) an act of worship, whether over the internet or as part of a radio or television broadcast.

A close family member has died and I need to organise the funeral – what do I do?

Funerals can be a distressing experience, and the impact of coronavirus is making it even more difficult to make practical arrangements. Guidance on funerals has been issued to local authorities and to individuals.

Can I go to a funeral?

Yes, but you must be invited. Numbers are constrained by the need to put social distancing measures in place.

Can I go to a cemetery to visit a family member’s grave?

Yes. But you should ensure that you follow social distancing practices when doing so.

Exercise and sport

What sort of exercise can I do?

The regulations do not stop any particular type of exercise, but in practice, the type of exercise allowed is constrained by some of the other restrictions put in place to control coronavirus. For example, indoor swimming pools have been closed; sports courts and leisure centres are closed and certain footpaths, beauty spots and parts of the countryside are closed. You also have to stay local.

To avoid increasing the burden on the NHS we also advise people not to take unnecessary risks while exercising.

Who can I exercise with?

You must exercise alone, with members of your household or with members of one other household. Exercising in groups with friends is still not allowed.

What about cycling?

Cycling is allowed but you must cycle alone or with members of your household or one other household. Cycling in groups larger than that is not allowed, regardless of whether social distancing practices are followed.

People are expected to only cycle on routes they know well and are well within their ability level. Cyclists on shared paths should be considerate of walkers, runners and other people cycling: they should stay 2 metres away from others, slow their pace and stop to let people pass as appropriate.

Cycling to work, or for work, is also allowed, if you can’t work from home.

Does my entire bike ride have to be in the local area?

No. We recognise there are certain forms of exercise, which, though you start locally, may temporarily take you further afield. For example, a strong cyclist may get their exercise through bike rides of 40 miles or more.

Exercise as a form of “active” travel in this way (a long cycle ride, run or walk) is now allowed, but the exercise must start and finish from home.

Can I drive somewhere to exercise?

Yes, as long as you will be staying within your local area. No journeys outside your local area should be taken to exercise in the countryside, at the coast or at other beauty spots, for example – many beauty spots have been closed to prevent people gathering.

You should also not travel (by car or motorcycle or using public transport) to the furthest reaches of your local area before starting your exercise to allow you to travel further outside your local area while exercising. The exception that allows people to exercise outside their local area requires the exercise to start and finish from home.

I have mobility problems and need to drive to exercise – can I do that?

Yes. People with specific health or mobility issues may need to travel by car from their home to exercise, including possibly outside the local area. For example, some wheelchair users may not be able to exercise immediately outside their homes for practical reasons. In such circumstances the journey should be to the nearest convenient accessible location.

Can gyms be open?

Gyms are not allowed to open at the moment. For the time being, we continue to advise people to exercise in their own home or outdoors.

Can I travel to do sports outside my local area?

If your preferred form of exercise or leisure is one that can only be undertaken in specific locations, this still needs to be carried out locally. Examples of this might include golf, angling or watersports. If there is a place where you can do these within your local area, then you are free to do so, but it would not be permissible to drive outside your local area for these purposes.

Can I play golf?

Yes. But it must be done locally, which means people cannot drive to play golf outside their local area, and you must play golf alone or with a member of your or one other household.

Is angling allowed?

Yes. But it must be done locally, which means people cannot drive outside their local area, and you must do so  alone or with a member of your or one other household.

Why is my local park closed?

The regulations do not require parks to close. Local authorities will make decisions about whether local parks are open. We encourage people to go out to exercise but in doing that people should avoid places that can be busy (be they particular parts of parks, footpaths or other places).

Why aren’t tennis courts open?

We are continuing our discussions with Tennis Wales with regards the safe return of tennis.

When will professional sport return in Wales?

The resumption of professional sports behind closed doors is allowed under our regulations, and we are working closely with those sports to ensure a safe return.

Animals

Can I use a vet outside my local area?

Yes, if there is not a suitable service local to you or if you are already registered with a vet outside your local area. You are, however, encouraged to delay any treatment that isn’t urgent.

Am I allowed to travel to pick up pets?

Collecting a pet is not listed as a reasonable excuse to leave your local area, but on animal welfare grounds, our view is that travelling a reasonable distance to collect an animal should be allowed.

Differences between Wales and England etc.

Why are there different laws across the UK?

Coronavirus does not respect borders, and where possible a co-ordinated “four nations” approach is taken across the UK. However health and social care are devolved subjects, as are related subjects like schools and tourism. The Welsh NHS is run by the Welsh Government and we need to manage the impact coronavirus has. In addition there are certain issues that are specific to Wales and should be addressed in the best interests of the people of Wales.

Why are some restrictions in Wales different to England’s?

Most of the restrictions were introduced at the same time in Wales and England and they contained many similar provisions. However, there were some significant differences – for example, the English legislation has not imposed requirements on employers to take all reasonable measures to maintain physical distancing where people work, and there was no provision made in the English legislation requiring local authorities and national park authorities to close beauty spots.

All governments are required to review the regulations every 21 days, based on the unique circumstances in their country – including specific scientific evidence. The Welsh Government assesses the extent of the spread of coronavirus, and its impact, in Wales and takes decisions accordingly.

The English regulations allow people to leave their local area for any recreational purpose – will this mean more people coming to Wales?

We receive weekly updates from the 4 police forces in Wales, which monitor compliance with the regulations; we also monitor traffic flow on all main routes in and into Wales. We understand that having slightly different rules in Wales and England may be confusing for some, particularly along the border, and we are working very hard to make sure people are aware that in Wales, the Welsh rules apply.

Travelling to Wales to spend time in the countryside or at the coast is not allowed under Welsh law. This applies equally to people who live in Wales and to people who don’t. We will use whatever means are available to convey this message, including signs on the major roads and motorways and articles in local newspapers along our borders.

There is no bar on people who live near the Welsh border coming to Wales, but like everybody else they must stay local. 

What do the new rules mean for people who live in Wales but work in England?

Our overarching advice has not changed – people should work from home wherever possible and continue to avoid all unnecessary journeys. If your normal place of work is in England, please discuss your working arrangements with your employer. However similar “reasonable excuses” to go to work applies in Wales and in England.

Enforcement and fines

Who enforces the restrictions?

The restrictions are being enforced by local authority environmental health officers and the police.

What can enforcement officers do?

They can issue fixed penalty notices or recommend prosecution in a magistrates’ court. In addition, they have wide-ranging powers to take practical steps to disperse gatherings, require people to go home and enter property.

What will the police do?

The police in Wales will engage with people, explain what they need to do and encourage them to comply. But our police forces have been given powers and they will use them – the restrictions will be enforced if people don’t respond.

What are the financial penalties?

The coronavirus regulations include provisions for a fixed penalty notice to be issued for breaches of the regulations, carrying a fine of £60; this is increased to £120 for a second offence and continues to double for repeated offences, up to a maximum of £1,920. If prosecuted, however, a court can impose any fine (it is not limited).

We hope people understand the severity of the situation we are facing and will comply with the regulations, without having to be issued penalties.

Will the level of fines be increased in Wales?

We have increased the fines for repeat offences and continue to keep fines under review. If the police believe stronger fines are needed, this will be considered.

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