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Introduction

As a country, we all need to do what we can to reduce the spread of coronavirus.

That is why the Welsh Government has given clear guidance on:

On 26 March the government stepped up measures to prevent the spread of coronavirus and save lives. All businesses and premises outlined in the table below must now close.

Subsequently further requirements have been imposed on all persons responsible for work carried out in premises to take all reasonable measures to ensure that a distance of 2 metres is maintained between persons on the premises (save for members of the same household and a person and his or her carer). Please refer to the guidance on physical distancing for more information.

This guidance relates solely to business closures.

Takeaway and delivery services may remain open and operational. Online retail is still open and encouraged. Postal and delivery service will continue to run. Employers should ensure that employees are able to follow the guidelines including, washing their hands with soap and water often, for at least 20 seconds (or using hand sanitiser gel if soap and water is not available).

Parks may remain open outdoor leisure facilities are required to close.

Businesses and premises that must remain closed

Businesses and premises that must remain closed
Business, premises or place Exceptions
Food and drink
Restaurants and public houses, wine bars or other drinking establishments, or other food and drink establishments including within hotels and members’ clubs

Food delivery and takeaway can continue and businesses which only provided food for consumption on their premises can now provide takeaway food as a new activity supported by the new permitted development right.

This covers the provision of hot or cold food that has been prepared for consumers for collection or delivery to be consumed, reheated or cooked by consumers off the premises.


Cafés and canteens

Food delivery and takeaway can continue (and as above). 

Cafés and canteens at hospitals, police and fire service places of work, care homes or schools; prison and military canteens; services providing food or drink to the homeless. However, the business must take all reasonable measures to ensure a distance of 2 metres is maintained between any person using the canteen, for example by minimising the number of people in the canteen / break space at any one given time, such as by using a rota. Please see the physical distancing guidance for more information.

Additionally, where possible, staff should be encouraged to bring their own food, and distributors should move to takeaway. 

Retail
Hairdressers, barbers, beauty and nail salons, tanning salons, including piercing and tattoo parlours These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.
All retail with notable exceptions
  • Supermarkets and other food shops
  • Medical services (such as dental surgeries, opticians and audiology clinics, physiotherapy clinics, chiropody and podiatry clinics, and other professional vocational medical services)
  • Pharmacies and chemists, including non-dispensing pharmacies 
  • Petrol stations
  • Bicycle shops
  • Hardware shops and equipment, plant and tool hire
  • Veterinary surgeries and pet shops
  • Corner shops and newsagents
  • Off-licences and licenced shops selling alcohol, including those within breweries
  • Laundrettes and dry cleaners
  • Post Offices
  • Vehicle rental services
  • Car garages and repair shops
  • Car parks
  • Garden centres and plant nurseries
  • High street banks, building societies, short-term loan providers, credit unions and cash points
  • Agricultural or aquacultural supplies shops
  • Livestock markets or auctions
  • Storage and distribution facilities, including delivery drop off points
  • Public toilets
  • Shopping centres should stay open if they contain units which are not required to close
  • Money transmission services, savings clubs, cash points, currency exchanges, and cheque cashing services to access or deposit money.
Outdoor markets Stalls selling food.
Auction houses  
Car showrooms and dealerships  
Hotels
Hotels, hostels, B&Bs, campsites and boarding houses for commercial use

Where people live in these as interim abodes whilst their main residence is unavailable, or they live in them as their main residence they may continue to do so.

Non-UK residents who are unable to travel to their country of residence during this period can continue to stay in hotels or similar where required.

People who are unable to move into a new home due to the current restrictions can also stay at hotels.

They may open for any other purpose as requested by the Welsh Ministers or a local authority

These businesses can continue to provide services online, by telephone, or by post. Please see the sector-specific guidance for more information.

These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.

Caravan parks/sites for commercial uses

Where people live permanently in caravan parks or are staying in caravan parks as interim abodes where their primary residence is not available, they may continue to do so.

These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.

Non-residential institutions
Community centres, youth centres and similar

These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.

Places of worship

Funerals, provided that the person responsible for the place of worship or crematorium stakes all reasonable measures to ensure that a distance of 2 metres is maintained between people on the premises (with the exception of members of the same household or a person attending and his or her carer).  Persons who can attend funerals are the person responsible for arranging the funeral, anyone invited by such a person, or the carer of any person attending the funeral.

A minister of religion, to go to their place of worship and may broadcast (without a congregation) an act of worship, or funeral (whether over the internet or as part of a radio or television broadcast). For the purpose of hosting essential voluntary or public service, such as food banks, homeless services, and blood donation sessions., upon the request of the Welsh Ministers or a local authority.

Grounds surrounding a crematorium are not required to close, this includes any burial grounds or gardens of remembrance.

These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.

Assembly and leisure
Museums and galleries

Performances may be broadcast without an audience, whether over the internet or as part of a radio or television broadcast. It is recommended that Public Health Wales guidelines are followed to ensure the safety of staff taking part.

These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.

Nightclubs These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.
Cinemas, theatres and concert halls

Performances may be broadcast without an audience, whether over the internet or as part of a radio or television broadcast. It is recommended that Public Health Wales guidelines are followed to ensure the safety of staff taking part.

These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.

Bingo halls

Sessions may be broadcast without an audience, whether over the internet or as part of a radio or television broadcast. It is recommended that Public Health Wales guidelines are followed to ensure the safety of staff taking part.

These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.

Casinos and betting shops These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.
Spas and massage parlours These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.
Skating rinks These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.
Fitness studios, gyms, swimming pools or other indoor leisure centres

Performances may be broadcast without an audience, whether over the internet or as part of a radio or television broadcast. It is recommended that Public Health Wales guidelines are followed to ensure the safety of staff taking part.

These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.

Arcades, bowling alleys, soft play centres and similar These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.
Funfairs These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.
Outdoor recreation
Playgrounds, sports courts and pitches, and outdoor gyms or similar These may be opened at the request of a Welsh Minister or a local authority if needed to help facilitate a social purpose. Individual businesses cannot apply for an exception to continue trading.

Providers of funeral services such as funeral directors and funeral homes conducting funerals may remain open, subject to guidelines as mentioned in the table above.

Work carried out in people’s homes

Work carried out in people’s homes, for example by tradespeople carrying out repairs and maintenance, can continue, provided that the tradesperson is well and has no symptoms.

The person responsible for work which is being carried out in another person’s home must take all reasonable measures to ensure that a distance of 2 metres is maintained between those carrying out the work (between each other if relevant) and members of the household. Please see the reasonable measures guidance for more information.

It is recommended that no work should be carried out in any household which is isolating or where an individual is being shielded, unless it is to remedy a direct risk to the safety of the household, such as emergency plumbing or repairs, and where the tradesperson is willing to do so. In such cases, Public Health Wales can provide advice to tradespeople and households.

No work should be carried out by a tradesperson who has coronavirus symptoms, however mild.

Takeaway and food delivery services may remain open

This means people can continue to enter premises to access takeaway services, including delivery drivers, but all reasonable measures must be put in place by those responsible for carrying on the business to ensure that 2 metres distance is maintained between persons on the premises, as well as people waiting to enter the premises.

Businesses are encouraged to take orders in advance online or by telephone, and businesses must not provide seating areas, indoors and outdoors, for customers to consume food or drink.

Restaurants, cafés and pubs which do not currently offer delivery and hot food takeaway are able to offer such services, but all reasonable measures must be put in place by those responsible for carrying on the business to ensure that 2 metres distance is maintained between persons on the premises, as well as people waiting to enter the premises.

People must not consume food or drinks on site at restaurants, cafés or pubs whilst waiting for takeaway food.

Those venues offering takeaway or delivery services must not include alcoholic beverages in this list if their licence does not already permit.

Click and collect services may remain open

Shops can continue to offer click and collect services, but all reasonable measures must be put in place to ensure that a 2-metre distance is maintained between persons on the premises, as well as people waiting to enter the premises. Please see the guidance on reasonable measures for more information.

Length of closure

There is no date by which the restrictions will be lifted, however, the restrictions and requirements set out in the Regulations must be reviewed every 21 days. The first review took place on 16 April 2020.

Compliance

Everyone must comply with the restrictions and requirements set out in the Regulations. There is separate guidance on physical distancing which persons responsible for work must have regard to.  

Requirements to close relevant businesses as specified in Schedule 1 to the Regulations came into effect at 16:00 on 26 March 2020. A business operating in contravention of the Health Protection (Coronavirus Restrictions) (Wales) Regulations 2020 will be committing an offence, which may attract a fine which is not limited on the statutory scales. 

Environmental Health and Trading Standards officers will monitor compliance with these regulations, with police support provided if appropriate. Businesses and premises that breach them will be subject to prohibition notices, and potentially unlimited fines.

Financial support

Her Majesty’s Treasury also announced on 20 March 2020 a comprehensive series of measures supporting wages, cash-flow for businesses, and the welfare system.

Business support

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