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Forest management and the environment

Forest management is a balance between society's increasing demands for forest products and benefits, and the preservation of forest health and diversity.

Forest management can be described as the stewardship and use of forests and forest lands in a way, and at a rate, that maintains their:

  • biodiversity
  • productivity
  • regeneration capacity
  • potential to fulfil, relevant ecological, economic and social functions at a local, national, and global level, and does not damage other ecosystems.

This balance is critical to the survival of forests, and to the prosperity of forest-dependent communities.

Sustainably managing a forest means careful use today to ensure similar benefits, health and productivity for future generations.

Forest management must assess and integrate a wide variety of factors:

  • commercial and non-commercial values
  • environmental considerations
  • community needs to produce sound forest plans.

In most cases, forest management plans are developed in consultation with local communities, businesses and wider users.

The natural resources management planning approach is a strategy for the joint management of:

  • land
  • water 
  • living resources, that promotes conservation and sustainable use in a fair and holistic way.