Skip to content

Fuel poverty research reports

Related Links

Reducing poverty, particularly persistent poverty, in some of our poorest areas and communities is at the centre of the Welsh Government’s policy agenda.
Tell us if you want any of the documents on this page in an alternative format.
The Fuel Poverty Strategy and the development of our fuel poverty scheme was based on estimates of fuel poverty in 2004 (these were the best estimates available at the time).

Wales Fuel Poverty Projection Tool

This tool highlights the estimated changes in fuel poverty levels in Wales since the 2008 Living in Wales survey.  

The projections for fuel poverty levels in 2011 and 2012 take into account changes in income levels, fuel prices and the installation of energy efficiency measures.

Main projections

In 2011, 29% of households in Wales, equivalent to 365,000 households, were projected to be in fuel poverty. This is an additional 33,000 households compared with 2008.

In 2012, 30% of households in Wales were projected to be in fuel poverty, equivalent to 386,000 households. This is an additional 54,000 households compared with 2008.

The impact of energy efficiency measures undertaken during 2010 to 2012 has reduced the projected number of households in fuel poverty by 3 percentage points, equivalent to 36,000 households.

In 2011, 32% of vulnerable households were projected to be in fuel poverty, equivalent to 311,000 households.

In 2012, this had risen to 33%, equivalent to 328,000 households. This is an increase from 29%, equivalent to 285,000 households in 2008.

Living in Wales property survey

The Living in Wales property survey was completed in 2008. It involved surveys in 2700 homes across Wales.

We contracted the Building Research Establishment (BRE) to estimate the following for each home / household:

  • energy efficiency (SAP) rating. SAP is the standard assessment procedure used to assess the efficiency of homes in the UK
  • energy use
  • likely fuel poverty status.

Click on the link on the right hand side of this page to download the documents from the social research pages of our website.

Fuel poverty estimates

This report explains how BRE estimated fuel poverty and includes full details of the fuel poverty estimates. BRE’s estimates form the basis for a statistical report on fuel poverty. This statistical report is available under related links on the right hand side of this page. Statistical reports are also available on the energy efficiency of dwellings and heating and energy measures.

Modelled headline fuel poverty statistics for 2009 and 2010

This is a short report explaining how fuel price and income scenarios were used to estimate fuel poverty in Wales in 2009 and 2010.

Evaluating the impact of energy price rises on fuel poverty

This short report includes a ‘ready reckoner’ to estimate the impact of fuel prices rises on fuel poverty. A 10% rise in fuel prices could imply a 5% rise in the households in fuel poverty.

Fuel prices, income and energy efficiency scenarios to 2018

This report estimates the number of households that are likely to be in fuel poverty in 2018, given a number of fuel price, energy efficiency and income scenarios.

Click on the link on the right hand side of this page to download the documents from the social research pages of our website.

Further analysis of Living in Wales 2008 property survey data: Examining the likely impact of more targeted eligibility criteria for our new fuel poverty scheme

This short note uses the latest data from the 2008 Living in Wales property survey (published on 26 November 2010) to examine the likely impact of using more targeted eligibility criteria for our new fuel poverty scheme.