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Memorandum of Understanding on Nature Based Climate Action

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The Nature Based Climate Action Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) brings together sub-national governments willing to ensure a nature based approach is a key pillar of their climate action.

It was introduced at UNFCCC COP 21 in Paris in December 2015 by the Welsh Government along with the sub-national governments for Quebec, Manitoba, Catalonia, Basques and Sao Paulo.   

Wales is committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions to at least 80% of the 1990 baseline by 2050. We recognise the important role that our ecosystems contribute to helping achieve this commitment through the sustainable management of natural resources and nature based solutions. Nature-based solutions are interventions which use nature and the natural functions of ecosystems to tackle some of our key challenges in a cost effective, efficient way. 

The MoU:

  • Brings sub-national governments together willing to ensure that nature based solutions are a mechanism of climate action
  • Offers an opportunity for states, regions, and cities to share ideas and best practices on the role nature bases solutions offer for climate adaptation and mitigation
  • Provides a model for other sub-national governments to join
  • Provides a platform for collaboration and cooperation opportunities to increase technical and scientific understanding 
Signatories of the MOU have committed to:
  • Promote investments to enhance ecosystem resilience as part of the response to climate change
  • Look to natural and green infrastructure solutions 
  • Use tools and assessments that promote a wider understanding of the wider value of biodiversity and healthy ecosystems 
  • Develop tools that measure the benefits of joined up approaches
  • Increase technical and scientific cooperation

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