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Breeds at risk register

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Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is one of the most infectious disease affecting animals and can spread rapidly if uncontrolled.
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The Breeds at Risk Register (BARR) is a register of premises where recognised native breeds are kept.

European legislation for the control of exotic animal diseases such as Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) contains a provision to consider sparing certain categories of animals from culling. This is for purposes related to the conservation of animals that are indispensable for the survival of that breed. Animals can only be spared if disease control is not jeopardised. Sufficient safeguards such as isolation and biosecurity must also be in place before animals will be considered for derogation from culling. However, this does not guarantee that rare breeds on the premises would necessarily be spared in an outbreak.

Lists of breeds at risk are available below for:

  • cattle
  • sheep
  • goats
  • pigs
  • equines
  • fowls
  • ducks
  • geese
  • turkeys.
The list of breeds at risk has been determined from the expert advice of the Farm Animal Genetic Resources Committee (FAnGR). The criteria for a breed to be included on the list are available on the Farm Animal Genetic Resources Committee (FAnGR) website (external link). This list is maintained by the FAnRC and is regularly reviewed to take into account new and updated information on the status of individual breeds. This includes the size of the breed population and its distribution.

These are not closed lists. FAnGR will consider including additional breeds on the list if evidence can be provided to support the criteria. A breed can also be removed from the list if it no longer fulfils all criteria.

Exemptions will be considered on a case-by-case basis and will depend on a veterinary risk assessment of the premises to determine the impact on disease control. The biosecurity and isolation measures in place will be taken into account. All appropriate biosecurity measures must be taken to protect such animals from infection.

Keepers can register by sending a completed Breeds at Risk Registration Form to breedsatrisk@apha.gsi.gov.uk. Registration on BARR is voluntary and free of charge to owners.

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