Skip to content

Information for poultry keepers

Related Links

if you've seen a term you don't understand, please check here for an explanation.

It is vital that all bird keepers in the UK continue to practice the highest levels of biosecurity and be vigilant for any signs of disease.

Prevention Zone

The Prevention Zone, which covers the whole of Wales, will remain in place until 30 April 2017. The Prevention Zone introduces enhanced biosecurity measures including a requirement for all keepers of poultry and other captive birds to keep their birds indoors, or take appropriate steps to keep them separate from wild birds. 

Our leaflet “How to keep your birds safe from Avian Influenza” contains guidance on how to look after your poultry while the Prevention Zone is in place, specifically for keepers of small flocks. 

A film in which Dr Gavin Watkins, Senior Veterinary Officer, provides advice on how to protect your birds from Avian Influenza (external link) is also available.


Good biosecurity should be practised by poultry keepers at all times. Effective biosecurity measures will help protect poultry keepers, their birds and the public. Keepers of poultry should be vigilant and if their birds appear to be unwell seek advice from a veterinary surgeon.  If you suspect one of your birds has avian influenza, it is vital to report it immediately to your nearest Animal and Plant Health Agency office (external link).

Employers also have a legal duty to protect their workers against risks to their health that could arise through work-related activities. Guidance on worker protection is available from the Health and Safety Executive (external link).

Contact with Wild Birds

Disease can spread to domestic birds through contact, direct or indirect, with infected wild birds. Therefore the risk of disease spread can be reduced by taking all possible measures to protect your birds from contact with wild birds:

  • where possible, feed and water your birds under cover
  • keep everything clean – spilled feed, litter and standing water attract wild birds and vermin
  • make sure your clothes, footwear and hands are clean before and after contact with birds, visitors should do the same
  • be vigilant, if your birds are sick, contact your vet immediately
  • signs to watch out for include breathing problems, loss of weight, and falling egg production.

If you keep 50 or more birds you are required to register your birds with the Great Britain Poultry Register. Call free on 0800 634 112. Poultry keepers with less than 50 birds are also encouraged to register.

Pet birds kept in your home

Your pet bird should not catch avian influenza if you do not allow it to come into contact with wild birds. You should therefore follow these simple steps:

  • avoid contact between your pet birds and wild birds or their faeces
  • always clean up after dealing with your birds, especially wash your hands
  • do not bring wild bird droppings into your home through dirty clothes and shoes
  • make sure that any new bird comes from a reputable source.