Energy Wales Statement »The energy system in Wales is on the threshold of great change driven by new energy, technology and low carbon energy transition objectives.Learn more »
£6m to help older people live independently in their home
A £6 million investment to help older people in Wales live independently in their own home, has been announced by the Minister for Communities and Tackling Poverty, Lesley Griffiths.
- European approval for new Wales RDP
- Cardiff appoints leading US compound semiconductor expert with Welsh Government support
- £6m to help older people live independently in their home
Section highlightHistoric Environment (Wales) BillThe Bill will support the positive management of change in the Welsh historic environment.
Legislative programme 2014 - 2015 »
Bills that the Welsh Government will bring forward in 2014/2015.Learn more »
Section highlightTaxes in Wales
The devolution of some taxes to Wales from April 2018 provides us with the opportunity to reshape those taxes to better meet our circumstances and priorities.
Final Budget 2015-16 »
The amount of funding allocated to Welsh Government Departments for 2015-16 is £15·3bn.Learn more »
- Statistics & Research
African Horse Sickness
Background to the disease
African Horse Sickness (AHS) is a disease that is spread by midges. Dogs have been known to be infected by eating infected horsemeat. It has never occurred in the UK, but is found in Southern Africa. An outbreak occurred in Spain relatively recently, which was associated with the import of infected zebras from Africa.
The spread of disease is influenced by climatic conditions including warm, moist weather and high rainfall, which favour the spread of carrier insects (such as midges) as well as spread by wind dispersal.
The clinical signs seen are dependent upon what form of the disease is present:
- in the most acute form, which has a short incubation period of only three to five days, affected horses have a high fever, severely laboured breathing, coughing and profuse discharge from the nostrils. The mortality rate is very high with up to 95% of horses dying within a week
- in the cardiac form of the disease, which has an incubation period of from seven to fourteen days, swellings are present over the head and eyelids, lips, cheeks and under the jaw. The mortality rate is around 60 per cent and death results from heart failure
- the mixed form of the disease is a combination of the above two types. It has an incubation period of from five to seven days and the disease shows itself initially by mild respiratory signs followed by the typical swellings of the cardiac form
- horse sickness fever is the mildest form, characterised by a fever with low temperatures in the morning rising to a high peak in the afternoon.
If you suspect signs of any of African Horse Sickness you must immediately notify your local Animal and Plant Health Agency (external link).
No vaccine for AHS is currently licensed in the European Union (EU). Use of a modified live vaccine for AHS (such as the one being produced by Onderstepoort Biological Products Ltd in South Africa) carries a risk of vaccine virus reversion to wild type. This means that the virus used in the vaccine could potentially undergo changes whereby it could actually infect the carrier insects and, subsequently, susceptible horses. Currently the vaccine will not be considered for use in the UK other than in an emergency situation.
African Horse Sickness (Wales) Regulations 2013
The African Horse Sickness (Wales) Regulations 2013 (external link) will only be used during an outbreak or suspected outbreak of African Horse Sickness (AHS). The risk of an AHS outbreak in GB is considered to be low. However, recent outbreaks of Bluetongue and Schmallenberg have demonstrated the risk posed by animal diseases spread by Cullicoides midges. Similar regulations are already in force in England and Scotland.