Skip to content
Statistics

Welsh economy: in numbers

Bookmark and Share
Income
Gross Disposable Household Income (GDHI) and Primary Income measure the income that comes to people in Wales from the UK economy as a whole.
  • Gross Disposable Household Income (GDHI) per head

    Gross Disposable Household Income per head in Wales and comparator regions/countries as a proportion of the UK. UK=100
    UK rank
    9
    12 UK regions countries
    Wales:UK
    85.5
    UK = 100
    Change of Wales:UK on year
    0.3
    Percentage points

    What is it?

    Gross Disposable Household Income (GDHI) is the amount of money that all of the individuals in the household sector have available for spending after taxes and social contributions have taken effect. It is the best available measure of material well-being.

    Current position

    Gross Disposable Household Income per head for Wales was £16,341 in 2015, equivalent to 85.5 per cent of the UK average. This is a higher proportion than Northern Ireland, North East and Yorkshire and the Humber. All other English regions and Scotland have a higher proportion.

    Long term trend

    Wales saw the sixth largest percentage increase in Gross Disposable Household Income per head out of the UK countries and English regions between 1999 and 2015, up 58.5 per cent compared to a 60.8 per cent increase across the UK. The largest increase was in London (up 74.1 per cent).

    As a proportion of the UK average, Gross Disposable Household Income per head in Wales has varied between 85 and 89 per cent of the UK total since devolution. Wales saw the eighth largest decrease of the UK countries and English regions since devolution between 1999 and 2015, a decrease of 1.2 percentage points.

    Gross Disposable Household Income in the UK is driven very strongly by London and to a lesser extent by the South East. Of the 12 UK regions and countries 8 have a GDHI per head below the UK average.

    The majority of regions/countries show a broadly similar trend to Wales, with modest movements over time. The main exception is Northern Ireland which showed a stronger upward trend until 2007, which reversed in subsequent years.

    Notes:

    The chart shows a time series for Wales, for Scotland, Northern Ireland and the UK; and for the two highest, and the lowest, English regions.

  • Primary income per head

    Primary income per head in Wales and comparator regions/countries as a proportion of the UK. UK = 100
    UK rank
    12
    12 UK regions countries
    Wales:UK
    77.7
    UK = 100
    Change of Wales:UK on year
    0.4
    Percentage points

    What is it?

    Primary Income is a component of Gross Disposable Household Income which approximates the income earned through work. It includes income generated from employment, property and financial assets; it does not include income generated from social benefits or non-life insurance premiums.

    Current position

    Primary income per head in Wales is currently £16,364 equivalent to 77.7 per cent of the UK total. This is the lowest proportion of all English regions and UK countries.

    Long term trend

    Wales saw the eighth largest percentage increase in primary income per head out of the UK countries and English regions between 1999 and 2015, up 49.9 per cent compared with a 55.6 per cent increase across the UK. The largest increase was in London, followed by Scotland.

    Primary income per head in Wales has varied between 77 and 82 per cent of the UK average since devolution. Wales saw the fifth smallest percentage point decrease in primary income per head of the UK average, of the 10 UK countries and English regions that decreased between 1999 and 2015.

    Primary income in the UK is driven very strongly by London and to a lesser degree by the South East and the East of England, to the extent that all other 9 UK regions and countries have a primary income per head below the UK average.

    Many of the English regions have shown slight to moderate downward trends in primary income as a proportion of the UK total over time, whereas London has shown a strong upward trend, while Scotland has also seen its proportion increase.

    Notes:

    The chart shows a time series for Wales, for Scotland, Northern Ireland and the UK; and for the two highest, and the lowest, English regions.

Keep up to date @StatisticsWales@StatisticsWales Sign up to our newsletterSign up to our newsletter
Share